Bayesian methods provide a natural means for uncertainty quantification, that is, credible sets can be easily obtained from the posterior distribution. But is this uncertainty quantification valid in the sense that the posterior credible sets attain the nominal frequentist coverage probability? This paper investigates the frequentist validity of posterior uncertainty quantification based on a class of empirical priors in the sparse normal mean model. In particular, we show that our marginal posterior credible intervals achieve the nominal frequentist coverage probability under conditions slightly weaker than needed for selection consistency and a Bernstein--von Mises theorem for the full posterior, and numerical investigations suggest that our empirical Bayes method has superior frequentist coverage probability properties compared to other fully Bayes methods.
➤ Version 1 (2018-12-05)
Ryan Martin and Bo Ning (2018). Empirical priors and coverage of posterior credible sets in a sparse normal mean model. Researchers.One, https://researchers.one/articles/empirical-priors-and-coverage-of-posterior-credible-sets-in-a-sparse-normal-mean-model/5f52699c36a3e45f17ae7da2/v1.